Drug and Alcohol Resource Guide

 

Rev. March 2005

 

 

Resource Phone List

            Crisis Intervention

            Hospitals

            Police

            Alcohol, Drug, and Substance Abuse

                        Treatment Providers

                        Community Support Service/Groups

                        Advocacy Groups/Community Involvement

Information on Resources Available

            Crisis Intervention                                                                                                

                        Center for Community Resources

            Hospitals                                                                                                              

                        Butler Memorial Hospital

                        Butler Veterans Affairs Medical Center

            Police                                                                                                                  

                        Drug Tip Line

            Alcohol, Drug, and Substance Abuse                                                                   

                        Treatment Providers

                                    Butler County D&A Program

                                    Butler Memorial Hospital

                                                Butler Regional Recovery Program

                                    Family Services of Butler County

                                    Ellen O’Brien Gaiser Addiction Center

                                    Gateway Rehabilitation Center

                                    Irene Stacy Addictive Behaviors Unit

                                    Pyramid Healthcare Services

                        Community Support Services and Groups

                                    Al-Anon, Ala-teen

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

Bridge of Hope, Butler Recovery Project, Narcotics Anonymous

Place of Refuge, Pressing On Ministries, Seeds Of Hope

The Shepard’s Place

Victory Group

                        Advocacy/Community Involvement

                                    Mother’s Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

                                    Pro-A

                                    Butler County Heroin Task Force

                                    Butler County Against Heroin

Information on Accessing/Paying for Services

Levels of Treatment

Act 106 Insurance

What is Addiction?

Parent Education on Kids and Drugs

Relapse

Table of Contents: Drug Information and Facts

Drug Information

Websites

Glossary of Terms

RESOURCE PHONE LIST

 

 

CRISIS INTERVENTION

 

Crisis Calls (mental-emotional-stress) …………...……Toll Free- 1-800-292-3866

 

HOSPITALS

           

            Butler Memorial Hospital Emergency Room………………………..724-284-4545

            Butler V.A. Medical Center ……………………...…………………724-477-5033

           

POLICE

 

Drug Tip Line………………………………………………..……1-866-363-3784

 

Butler City Police …………………………………………………...724-287-7743

Butler Twp. Police …………………………………………………………...9-1-1

Cranberry Twp Police …………………………………………………….….9-1-1

Buffalo Twp. Police ………………………………………………...………..9-1-1

Butler County State Police …………………………………..……………….9-1-1

           

ALCOHOL, DRUG AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE

 

Treatment Providers:

            Butler County Drug and Alcohol Program………………………… 724-284-5114

                                                                                                  office hours:  M-F 8:30-4:30

Butler Memorial Hospital:

Regional Recovery Program ………………………………..724-284-4355

Family Services of Butler County.…..………………………724-284-4894

                                                                          office hours: M-R:8-8  F:8-3

Ellen O’Brien Gaiser Addiction Center

            Inpatient Non-Hosp Rehab……………..…724-287-8205 or 724-287-8200

                                        Toll Free……………………....1-800-717-4524 ext.2097

            IOP/STOP, Enhanced IOP, Prison services…………………724-285-2293

Gateway Rehabilitation Center……………………………….….1-800-GRC-1177

            Rehabilitation Center ………………………………….….....724-378-4461

            Outpatient Offices …………………………………………..724-776-4844

                                                                                    office hours: M-R: 9-9  F: 9-5

Irene Stacy Addictions Behavior Unit ……………………………...724-287-0791

Pyramid Health Care-Cranberry…………………………………….724-772-0130

            Toll Free…………………………………………………..1-888-694-9996

 

 

 

 

Community Support Services/Groups:

Al-Anon, Al-Anon Cranberry, Ala-teen………………..Toll Free-1-800-628-8920

            Alcoholics Anonymous ……………………………………………..724-679-5647

            Bridge of Hope………………………………………………………412-367-6643

                                                                                                                         724-933-6248

Butler Recovery Project……………………………………………..724-431-0224

Narcotics Anonymous

            Pittsburgh Region…………………………………………...724-782-2210

            Helpline………..………………………………………….1-888-251-2426

Place of Refuge……………………………………………………..724-452-7670

Pressing on Ministries………………………………………………724-713-3912

                                                                                                            724-482-4458

Seeds of Hope………………………………………………………724-283-6160

The Shepard’s Place………………………………………………..724-352-2074

                                                                                                           724-352-2777

Victory Group………………………………………………724-772-7026 ext. 22

 

MADD Mothers Against Drunk Driving                                   

            Butler/Lawrence County…………………………………….724-283-7661  

                                                                                                     Daytime calls only

National Helpline………………………………Toll Free-1-800-662-4357

           

Advocacy Groups:

            MADD ………………………………………………….…………...724-283-7611

                        Toll Free……………………………………….………......1-800-848-6233

Pro–A ……………………………………………………………..1-717-652-9303

 

Community Involvement Groups:

            Butler County Heroin Taskforce

            Butler County Against Heroin

 

 

 

INFORMATION ON RESOURCES AVAILABLE

 

CRISIS INTERVENTION

 

            Center for Community Resources (CCR)……………………...…724-431-0095

                        Toll Free…………………………………………………...1-800-292-3866

121 Sunnyview Circle Suite 131

Butler, PA  16001

www.ccrinfo.org

Crisis Intervention- Center for Community Resources offers a toll free crisis intervention line available 24 hours a day 7 days a week, which offers support and referrals for crisis situations.

 

HOSPITALS

           

            Butler Memorial Hospital …………………………………………724-284-4545

911 East Brady St.                                                      

Butler, PA 16001

www.butlerhealthsystem.org

Butler Regional Recovery Program treats adult aged individuals 18 years of age and older.  Services provided are Hospital based inpatient detoxification and rehabilitation, outpatient services, partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient, outpatient assessment, once a week counseling, outpatient opiate detoxification and family intervention. 

 

Butler V.A. Medical Center  ……………………………………….724-287-4781

325 New Castle Rd.                            

Butler, PA 16001        

www.va.gov/butlerva

Primary Medical Facility with Drug & Alcohol Unit with a mission to improve health, well-being and functional independence of veterans and others whom we serve through the provision of coordination of medical, rehabilitation, psycho-social, & vocational services.  Serves veterans and their families.

 

POLICE

 

Drug Tip-Line:………………………………………………...…1-866-363-3784

The Drug Tip-Line is a 24-hour tip line to report suspicious drug-related activities.  Callers may remain anonymous or choose to leave their contact information to receive a return call.     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALCOHOL, DRUG, AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE 

 

Treatment Providers:

Butler County Drug and Alcohol Program………….…………..…..724-284-5114

124 West Diamond St.                                                

            Butler, PA 16001        

www.co.butler.pa.us

Initial Client Screenings- Basic information is gathered and an assessment is scheduled.

Assessment-A face-to-face appointment during which the level of care need is determined, as well as the selection of the provider, the length of stay, aftercare, and referral to case management services.

Information/Referral Services-

Intensive Case Management- This level of information and referral service is for those individuals who present several needs and lack the skills to meet those needs.  Length of stay for this level depends on the client’s willingness to participate and/or the areas of need that are addressed and can be met. 

Resource Coordination- This level of information and referral service is for those individuals needing a one-time referral for a certain area of need or for those clients needing assistance only for a short period of time to attain their areas of need. 

Funding - Funding for treatment services is available to eligible individuals.  The individual’s case manager determines eligibility before a referral is made for treatment services, this will determine your opportunities for funding sources.  

Butler Memorial Hospital

Butler Regional Recovery Program………………………………724-284-4355

911 East Brady St.                              

Butler, PA 16001

www.butlerhealthsystem.org

            Outpatient Services-Adult aged services (18 years of age and older)

 Assessment- Each person who enters our system of care undergoes a thorough assessment.  The assessment ensures the patients individual needs are addressed and that the individual is placed in the appropriate level of care.

Outpatient Counseling- Provides weekly counseling either in an individual or group setting.  These services usually treat individuals who are maintaining abstinence from mood altering chemicals and are focusing on preventing relapsing into old addictive behavior.  This may include issues concerning co-dependency, unresolved abuse and/or dual diagnosis. 

Intensive Outpatient Evening Treatment (I.O.P)- For individuals who are still functioning in their jobs and family responsibilities but struggle to remain abstinent from drugs and alcohol without structure and support are referred to our (I.O.P) Intensive Outpatient Program.  This program meets three (3) times a week, three (3) hours at a time, and is primarily group therapy.  Every other week family group therapy is offered to group members.  This program also requires individuals to attend at least two (2) AA/NA meetings a week.  This programming is offered in both the morning and evening. 

Partial Hospitalization- Partial Hospitalization is a day program for those who require close attention, but not full 24-hour inpatient care. The program runs for 2-4 weeks and meet for six (6) hours a day, five (5) days a week. Programs include educational lectures on chemical dependency and recovery, individual and group therapy sessions and discussion groups. There is a family day weekly to encourage family participation and support throughout the recovery process and participants are required to attend four (4) Narcotics Anonymous or Alcoholics Anonymous meetings.

Enhanced Partial Hospitalization- A detoxification program for the opiate dependant client, integrated into Butler Regional Recovery Program’s Partial Hospitalization Program, that uses a number of support systems to assure a successful detoxification process from opiate dependency and at the same time begins the introduction to the recovery process of treatment and the basics of Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholics Anonymous.  It requires extensive family support as a part of the detoxification.

Family Intervention Program- Provides education, guidance and support to the family members of the chemically dependent.  Through group, individual and/or family sessions, family members have an opportunity to learn appropriate ways to deal with their chemically dependent family members.  The family intervention program is designed to help families develop intervention plans, coping strategies or build a supportive network with other families who struggle with chemical dependency. 

Inpatient Services-Adult Aged Services (18 years of age and older)

Hospital Based Services

Inpatient Detoxification- Inpatient detoxification is a medically supervised intensive treatment program that manages patient’s physical withdrawal symptoms from alcohol and other drugs. Detoxification is offered as both an initial step toward rehabilitation, and as a separate emergency service.

Inpatient Rehabilitation- Inpatient rehabilitation is a hospital based rehabilitative program that includes intensive group and individual therapy, educational sessions, and a weekly family day. The length in which a person stays in treatment at this level varies and is determined by the level of care needed and by a review of the progress being made in the program. 

Dual-Diagnosis Treatment- In all services offered at Butler Regional Recovery Program dual diagnoses treatment is offered for individuals whose recovery from chemical dependency is being compromised by their suffering from a psychiatric disorder.  If this is apparent, a psychiatric evaluation will be arranged as well as follow-up medication check-ups.  However, Butler Regional is a chemical dependency treatment program and not a mental health treatment program.  This means the primary problem being addressed must be chemical dependency. 

Ellen O’Brien Gaiser Addiction Center

Inpatient Treatment Program……………..….…724-287-8205 or 724-287-8200

165 Old Plank Rd                   

Butler, PA 16001

www.gaisercenter.com

Inpatient Non-Hospital Treatment- Combines rehabilitative and residential care in a “home-like” environment, through individualized client assessment and structured treatment.  The length of stay is variable and depends on the individualized treatment plan.  

IOP/STOP Program, Enhanced IOP, Prison services……………….724-285-2293

            325 New Castle Road

            Building 19

            Butler, PA 16001

Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)-Provides treatment for those individuals who function within a home environment, yet are unable to abstain from alcohol or other drugs.  Treatment length is 3 groups per week for 8 weeks.  Treatment services are in the evening.

S.T.O.P. Program (Substance Abuse Treatment Options for Perpetrators of Domestic Violence)- This program works in conjunction with the Intensive Outpatient Program and is specifically designed to offer treatment services to those domestic violence perpetrators (both male and female), who are currently addicted to, or who are abusing alcohol or other drugs.  Treatment length is 8 weeks for a total of 24 group sessions.  Treatment services are in the evening. 

Enhanced Intensive Outpatient Program- This program specifically targets those individuals whose primary drug of choice is heroin or other opiates.  A prolonged detoxification process over the program course length of 12 weeks is offered.  The detoxification medication used is Suboxone, which is prescribed and monitored by a licensed medical doctor.  The client will attend a total of 36 evening group sessions.   

Prison Intervention/Education- This service is designed for adult men and women who are incarcerated in the Butler County Jail or Annex.  Alcohol and other drug intervention and education groups are provided.   

G.A.I.N. Program (Gaiser Adolescent Intervention Network)- Intervention and education program model designed specifically for adolescents between the ages of 12 and 21 who are at risk for addiction to drugs and/or alcohol or who have been cited for underage possession, transportation, and/or consumption of alcohol and/or other drugs. 

 

Gateway Rehabilitation Center

Outpatient Treatment Facility……………………………..….724-776-4844

1559 Route 228                                                                        1-877-GRC-1177

Cranberry Twp., 16066

www.gatewayrehab.org

Gateway offers a full continuum of care for adults and adolescents in the treatment of drug and alcohol addiction.  Assessments, admissions and transportation for all residential programs is available by calling the toll free number, which is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

 

            Outpatient Groups: Meet 1 time a week, 2 hours each meeting

                        Women’s Therapy Group:

                        Group specifically designed for women in recovery.  This group primarily          

focuses on women’s issues in their journey through recovery, covering various related aspects such as self-worth, stress management, wellness, relationships, and coping skills.

Early Education Group:

This group is designed for people who are new in recovery and have no (or limited) prior treatment experience.  This group is an education based therapy group that focuses on various topics, such as the disease concept of addiction, early recovery education, and coping skills.

Relapse Prevention Group:

This group is for people who are currently in recovery, or have gone through recent higher levels of care.  This is a therapy group that primarily focuses on preventing relapse, coping skills, and any relevant topics related to ongoing recovery. 

Intensive Outpatient Programs: Meet 3 times a week, 3 hours each meeting.

            Adolescent Intensive Outpatient Program:

This program is designed for adolescents who have a problem with drugs or alcohol.  The group focuses on early education, relapse prevention, coping skills, a focus on school related topics.  Family therapy is also incorporated as part of this program weekly.  This program emphasizes a 12 step recovery. 

Adult Intensive Outpatient Program:

Morning Intensive Outpatient (9am-12pm, 3 times a week)

Night Intensive Outpatient (6pm-9pm, Monday, Wednesday, Thursday)

This program focuses on adults who have a problem with drugs or alcohol, which emphasizes a 12 step recovery.  This program focuses on the disease concept of addiction, early recovery skills, relapse prevention, coping skills, and any other related topics.  Family therapy is held weekly as a regular part of this program. 

 

Irene Stacy Addictive Behaviors Unit……………………………………724-287-0791

112 Hillvue Dr.                                                       Toll Free 1-800-292-3866

Butler, PA 16001                                                                      (TDD) 724-287-4299

Assessment- The initial appointment reviews an individual’s history and current level of functioning.  A recommended level of care is then determined.  This aids in the development of individualized treatment goals.

Outpatient Treatment- This provides individual and group counseling to individuals who do not meet criteria for a higher level of care.  Services are available to adolescents as well as adults.  Individuals participating in outpatient treatment may access psychiatric services if necessary.

Adult Intensive Outpatient Treatment- This group program is designed to assist those individuals who have difficulty maintaining abstinence and do not meet criteria for a higher level of care.  Groups meet three hours per day, three days per week for a period of eight weeks.  This group focuses on developing the skills and insight necessary to establish and maintain sobriety.  At the successful completions of the program, clients will participate in outpatient treatment to focus on additional relapse prevention techniques.  Individuals participating in Intensive Outpatient Treatment may access psychiatric services if necessary.     

 

Pyramid Healthcare Services: Toll Free..……..………………………1-888-694-9996

1216 11th Avenue           Cranberry...……………………………… 724-772-0130

            P.O. Box 1153

            Altoona, PA 16603

www.pyramidhealthcarepa.com

Pyramid Healthcare offers a full continuum of care for adults and adolescents in the treatment of drug and alcohol addiction.  Assessments, admissions and transportation for all residential programs is available by calling the toll free number, which is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Adult Outpatient Services- Cranberry- offers drug and alcohol assessment and treatment recommendation, dual diagnosis, individual therapy, group therapy, family therapy, intensive outpatient program, partial hospitalization program, outpatient therapy groups, and urine screens for drugs of abuse. 

Adolescent Outpatient Services-Cranberry- offers drug and alcohol assessment and treatment recommendation, individual therapy, group therapy, family therapy, intensive outpatient program, outpatient therapy groups, and urine screens for drugs of abuse.

     

 

 

 

 

 

Community Support Services and Groups

 

Al-Anon, Al-Anon Cranberry, Ala-teen………………Toll Free  800-628-8920

Cranberry Al-Anon ………………………………………Toll Free  800-628-8920

Information on Meetings and Times …………………Toll Free  888-4AL-ANON

                                                        Call Monday through Friday, 8am-6pm

www.pa-al-anon.org

Al-Anon and Ala-teen are designed to help family and friends of alcoholics recover from the effects of living with the problem drinking of a relative or friend. Ala-teen is composed of young Al-Anon members (primarily, but not exclusively teenagers), whose lives have been affected by someone else’s drinking.

 

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

Butler, Carbon Center, Cabot, Chicora, East Brady, Saxonburg, West Sunbury……….…………………….……………………………..724-679-5647

Grove City, Slippery Rock, Sharon….…………..………………..724-342-0162

Cranberry Twp., Bakerstown, Evans City, Mars, Gibsonia, Warrendale, Zelienople…………………………………….……………………724-935-7238

Ford City, Kittanning, Rural Valley……………………………….724-286-9233       

                                                                                          or 724-465-2211

www.butler-pa-aa.org

AA is a voluntary, worldwide group of men and women who meet together to attain and maintain sobriety. The only requirement for membership is the desire to stop drinking. Anyone may attend an “open” meeting, whether that person is an alcoholic or not, but “closed” meetings are for alcoholics only. Times and days of AA meetings are available through the numbers provided

 

Bridge to Hope……………………….…………………………..…412-367-6643

            9100 Babcock Blvd.                                                                            724-933-6248

            Pittsburgh, PA 15237

Bridge to Hope is a weekly family support group program for families of substance abusers.  This group meets every Wednesday at for a two-hour meeting from 7-9pm at UPMC Passavant hospital in the Donor Hall Conference Room.  For more information call Gene Wagner at (412) 367-6643. 

 

            Butler Recovery Project……………………………………….…724-431-0224

            140 North Elm Street

            Butler, PA 16001

www.butlerhealthsystem.org

The Butler Recovery Project is an early recovering support program designed for the 18-25 year old individual who is in treatment for chemical dependency and in need of a drug free, safe, environment to help them remain clean and sober.  It is not treatment but instead an adjunct to treatment.  It is not a Drop-In-Center; all members must be referred by the treatment program in which they are clients. 

                       

The overall goal is to increase the success of the young early recovering individual in maintaining their abstinence from drugs and alcohol and establishing a health recovering lifestyle.  The projects environment supports and fosters recovery behavior and helps young recovering addicts build social skills and confidence needed to make recovery an integrated part of their lives. 

 

Narcotics Anonymous……………………………………………1-888-251-2426

                                                     www.na.org                                    724-782-2210

            Monday-          Butler: First United Methodist Church (7:30 pm)

            Tuesday-          Butler Memorial Hospital (8:00 pm)

Wednesday-     St. Andrew’ Presbyterian Church-Butler (8:00 pm)

            Thursday-         VA Hospital-Butler (7:30 pm), Ministries of Eden-Butler (8:00pm)

                                    United Memorial Presbyterian Church-Saxonburg (8:00pm)

                                    SMS-Cranberry Twp. (7:00 pm)

            Friday-             Grace Lutheran Church-Butler (8:00 pm)

           

Narcotics Anonymous is a voluntary nonprofit fellowship for those who are recovering drug addicts.  The only requirement for this program is that one has a desire to stop using drugs.  This group meets weekly at various locations and times listed above. 

 

            Place of Refuge…………………………………………………….724-452-7670

            123 N. Pittsburgh St.

            Zelienople, PA 16063

Place of Refuge is a Christ-centered ministry to those in active addiction or recovery and the friends and families of those in active addiction or recovery, which meets at the Harmony Zelienople United Methodist Church on Monday evenings from 7-8 pm.

 

 Pressing On Ministries………………………………………..…..724-713-3912

113 E. Brady Street                                                                             724-482-4458

Butler, PA 16001

Pressing on Ministries is a Christ-Centered outreach support group that helps men and women see their need to get over their substance abuse issues and helps them to become an asset to their families and society.  This group meets every Tuesday and Saturday evening from 7-9 pm.  Monday, Wednesday and Friday daytime appointments can be made by calling (724) 713-3912.  Pressing On Ministries also can answer any questions and/or concerns that arise by e-mailing them at pressingon4him@earthlink.net.  Ask for or send e-mail’s to Dan Smith with any questions or concerns.   

   

            Seeds of Hope………………………………………………………724-283-6160

            200 East North Street

            Butler, PA 16001

 

Seeds of Hope is a Christ-centered recovery group that offers both encouragement and hope to the addict and their families, with a goal to provide a non-threatening environment of mutual accountability.  This recovery group meets Thursday evenings from 7-8 pm in downtown Butler at the corner of North and McKean Street.  For more information please contact Bill Gumpper.  

           

            The Shepherd’s Place……………………………………..……….724-352-2074

            707 Winfield Road                                                                               724-352-2777

            Cabot, PA 16023

www.cabotumc.com

www.stlukecabot.org

 

The Shepard’s Place is a ministry of hope for those challenged by addiction, as well as their family and friends.  It is a religious based support group, in which the main objective is to reach individuals, or families with alcohol and drug afflictions with the love of God.  Their support group meetings are held every Sunday evening at 7:00 pm, which are designed for recovering addicts and their family and friends as well. 

 

Victory Group………………………………………………724-772-7026 ext. 22

216 Mystic Pine Trail

Cranberry Twp., PA 16066

www.VictoryGroupOnline.com

The Victory Group is a ministry of hope for those challenged by addiction, as well as their family and friends.  This group meets once a week on Tuesday evenings at 7:00 pm at the Victory Christian Fellowship in Cranberry Township. 

 

Advocacy/Community Involvement Groups

MADD Mothers Against Drunk Driving                            

Butler/Lawrence County Chapter. …………………………………724-283-7661

National Helpline……….……………………………………..Toll Free 800-662-4357

www.madd.org/pa/butler

Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to stop drunk driving, support the victims of this violent crime, and prevent underage drinking. It is a crime victim’s organization that advocates for victims, educates on alcohol consumption and driving under the influence, as well as activism on national and state legislation.

           

Pro-A………………………………………………………………717-541-9313

            500 North Progress Avenue, Suite B

            Harrisburg, PA 17109

www.pro-a.org

Provides on-going support for members as they advocate for those affected by the disease of alcoholism and/or drug addiction.  Pro-A supports and enables their members to advocate, through a partnership.  This partnership provides the member with a strong advocacy network. 

 

            Butler County Heroin Task Force

A collaborating community wide effort to become and stay aware of various issues surrounding drug use in Butler County.  A meeting is held once a month to touch on issues that are present in the county. 

 

Butler County Against Heroin

                        A community based not-for-profit organization dedicated to creating and

strengthening the capacity for our community members and organizations to build a safe, healthy and drug free community for our children.  The goal of this organization is to engage citizens and organizations to become more involved in the drug prevention and treatment movement.

 

 

 

How to Access Drug and Alcohol Treatment

 

 

-         If the person needing treatment has private insurance such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield, UPMC, Aetna, or any other:

-Flip the insurance card over and call the toll free phone number for Behavioral Services to access and/or provide drug and alcohol treatment, OR

-Take the person needing treatment to the Butler Memorial Hospital or any other emergency care unit, OR

-Call Crisis Intervention for immediate assistance at 1-800-292-3866

 

-         If the person needing treatment has a Medical Card through the state, such as Gateway, UPMC4U, or MedPlus:

-Flip the insurance card over and call the phone number for Behavioral Services to access a provider near you who can access and/or provide drug and alcohol treatment, OR

-Take the person needing treatment to the Butler Memorial Hospital or any other emergency care unit, OR

-If between the hours of 8:30am-4:30pm Monday through Friday, call the Butler County Drug and Alcohol Program at 724-284-5114, OR

-Call local Crisis Intervention for immediate assistance at 1-800-292-3866

 

-         If the person needing treatment has no insurance:

-If between the hours of 8:30am-4:30pm Monday through Friday, call the Butler County Drug and Alcohol Program at 724-284-5114, OR

-Take the person needing treatment to the Butler Memorial Hospital or any other emergency care unit, OR

-Call local Crisis Intervention for immediate assistance at 1-800-292-3866

 

 

 

 

 

Levels of Treatment

 

Detoxification- A process in which a drug or alcohol is removed from the body.  This process usually takes place in an inpatient setting.

 

Inpatient Rehabilitation- An inpatient health care facility that provides 24-hour direct evaluation, care, and treatment.

 

Halfway House- A longer term community-based residential treatment facility that provides opportunity for independent growth and responsible community living.

 

Partial Hospitalization- An outpatient based treatment conducted at an outpatient facility consisting of regularly scheduled sessions at least 3-5 days per week, for a minimum of 10 hours per week.

 

Intensive Outpatient- An outpatient based treatment conducted at an outpatient facility consisting of regularly scheduled treatment sessions at least 3 days per week for at least 5 hours, but no less than 9 hours per week. 

 

Outpatient- Treatment services conducted at an outpatient facility consisting of regularly scheduled treatment sessions for at most 5 hours per week.

 

 

 

 

Act 106- Insurance Coverage

 

            Act 106 of 1989 (Insurance Coverage for Addiction Treatment) states that all group health plans in Pennsylvania, including insurance and health maintenance organizations are required by law (Act 106) to provide coverage for the treatment of alcohol and drug addictions.

            The mandated minimum benefits must include…

-         Up to 7 days of detoxification per year- 28 days per lifetime (hospital or nonhospital residential detoxification)

-         Minimum of 30 days rehabilitation per year- 90 days per lifetime (nonhospital residential)

-         Minimum of 30 units of outpatient/partial hospitalization per year- 120 units per lifetime (outpatient/partial hospitalization).

All services must be provided in facilities licensed by the Department of Health and specifically to provide alcohol and other drug addiction treatment services.

 

If your health insurance provider has denied you coverage, you can send a description of the denial to:

 

Deb Beck

3820 Club Drive

Harrisburg, PA 17110

717-652-9128

(Fax) 717-652-3857

 

·        Keep your complaints simple! Be sure to include name, address, phone numbers, and insurance information in each complaint.

 

 

ADDICTION: WHAT IS IT?

Addiction means losing control over the use of a substance or an activity. People with addictions have trouble stopping their behavior even though it may ruin their health, destroy family relationships, damage friendships, affect their job, wipe out monetary savings, and cause other serious problems. There are many types of addictions. Many people are addicted to chemical substances such as alcohol, illegal drugs (marijuana, cocaine, heroin, crack, etc), prescription drugs (tranquilizers, anti-depressants, etc.), over-the-counter drugs (such as sleeping pills and nasal sprays), nicotine in cigarettes and other tobacco products, and caffeine in coffee and sodas. Others are addicted to eating, sex, gambling, work, exercise, shopping, playing video or computer games, and unhealthy relationships.

Anyone can develop an addiction. Some experts believe that addiction may be linked to a variety of influences.

-         Family Influences- things a person has seen and learned as a child may influence whether he or she develops an addiction

-         Personality- people with certain personality traits are more likely to develop certain addictions

-         Genetics- a person may inherit a tendency to be addicted

-         Other influences- these include boredom, stress, conflict, peer pressure, and poor self-esteem.

What can I do about an addiction?

-         Admit that you have a problem

-         Talk to someone you trust- the support of a friend or family member can help in overcoming addiction

-         Seek help- find out what types of treatment are available for your type of addiction.

 

How is Addiction Treated?

-         Residential Treatment- Hospitalizations may be necessary in some addictions, especially in the early stages of recovery

-         Professional Counseling- Individual and group therapy are available on an outpatient basis or as part of a residential treatment program. Family therapy is also helpful in treating some addictions.

-         Self-Help Groups- These groups are a way for people with addictions to offer support and encouragement to one another.  These groups are known as 12-step program and examples include Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous.

Other Forms of Treatment…

-         Acupuncture can help some people in recovery

-         Relaxation techniques can help to manage stress

-         Drug therapy may be prescribed in combination with other treatments.

 

A Guide to Kids and Drugs

           

v     The use of substances such as Heroin, Cocaine, Marijuana, and other illegal drugs by young people is almost always linked to earlier experimentation with Tobacco and Alcohol. Don’t allow your children to think that experimentation with any substance is just a normal part of growing up. Every year drugs become more potent, and more lethal-experimentation can easily result in death.

v     What are some excuses that kids may use to justify doing drugs?

-         To fit in                                                       - Feeling “grown up”

-         To feel good and have fun               - Escaping their problems

-         Relaxing                                                     - Looking cool

-         Showing their independence                        - Combating boredom

-         Satisfying their curiosity                               - Getting attention

v     What types of kids would be considered “High Risk”?

-         Having a family history of substance abuse

-         Having behavior disorders and self medicating to feel better

-         Having learning disabilities or becoming frustrated when trying to learn

-         Having difficulties fitting in

-         Lacking opportunities for success and places to find help when in trouble

v     What are some signs that my child may be using drugs?

Some signs of substance abuse are difficult to identify in adolescents because they may appear similar to other changes resulting from growing up in general. If a child begins to show any of these symptoms, parents may consider substance abuse as a possible cause.

-         Depression, withdrawal, or fatigue

-         Carelessness about personal appearance and hygiene

-         Having drugs or drug paraphernalia (pipes, rolling papers, needles, straight razors, lighters)

-         Falling grades, skipping school, and/or tardiness at work or school

-         Relationships with family members deteriorating

-         Changes in sleeping/eating patterns, unexplained weight loss or gain

-         A new group of friends or hangouts (especially if your child is secretive about their new peers)

-         Problems concentrating or paying attention and remembering

-         Changes in hobbies and activities, loss of interest in family activities

-         Hostility, lack of cooperation or resentful behavior

-         Moodiness, irritability, nervousness, oversensitivity, temper tantrums, silliness, or giddiness at inappropriate times.

-         Red, watery eyes, or wearing sunglasses at inappropriate times

-         Runny nose or hacking cough without a cold

-         Odor of substance on clothes, breath, or body

-         Needle marks on lower arm, leg, or bottom of feet, wearing long sleeves at inappropriate times

-         Nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating, shaking hands, feet, or head

 

 

v     What could I do to prevent my kids from doing drugs?

-         Prepare yourself and your children for early exposure to drugs and alcohol, and teach them how to react when someone offers them drugs. Start even as early as preschool age to instill in your children your beliefs about drugs, and why they are so dangerous.

-         Listen to your children when they talk to you. Take note of not only what they say, but also the body language that accompanies it. Having some understanding of what their world is like can help you to feel closer to your children and your children to feel closer to you.

-         Communicate with your children about drugs. Tell your children the truth about what can happen if they start to abuse drugs. Don’t wait for them to bring up the subject, start when they are young, and continue to voice your opinions of drug abuse. Listen to all questions and concerns, and answer them as honestly as possible. (Be sure that you use information that matches your child’s age and ability to understand.)

-         Take Advantage of a commercial, magazine ad, newspaper ad, or something you hear on the radio as a way to open up a conversation about drugs.  It takes some of the pressure off.

-         Set Family Rules about drug use, and be sure that all family members understand the consequences of breaking the rules. Enforce rules when they are broken, but don’t add extra penalties. If your children fully understand the consequences they will be less likely to break the family rules.

-         Teach your children how to respond to a situation that may involve pressure to use drugs. It could be pressure from a family member, friends, or even strangers. Knowing how to refuse drugs from each of these types of people can ease the tension of saying no.

-         Help your children to build self-confidence in their decisions. Each decision is a learning experience, and when they make good decisions, encourage them and praise their decision-making abilities.

-         Examine your own attitudes and behaviors about substance abuse. Children imitate their parent’s behaviors, and if you or one of the members of your family is abusing substances, it is difficult for children to establish the boundaries of acceptable and unacceptable behaviors.

 

 

Tips to help stop a relapse.

Recovery is a continuing process that is a challenge everyday.

 

-         Don’t substitute one addiction for another.

-         Take good care of yourself.

-         Beware of cross addiction.

-         Develop new interests.

-         Keep health providers informed (so as to not be prescribed other drugs that could create addiction).

-         Ask for help when you need it.

-         Express your feelings.

-    Attend a support group meeting.     

 

           

Websites

 

            Here are some websites that have information on drugs and alcohol, as well as many other informative topics related to drug and alcohol addiction.

 

www.drugabuse.gov

 

www.drugfree.org

 

www.health.org

 

www.streetdrugs.org

 

www.freevibe.com

 

www.drug-rehabs.org

 

www.iwannaknow.org

 

www.butlerwebs.com

 

www.about.com

 

www.dare-america.com

 

www.drugfreeamerica.org

 

www.focusas.com

 

www.theantidrug.com

 

www.addictions.org

 

www.teens.drugabuse.gov

 

www.samhsa.gov

 

 

Glossary of Terms

ADMISSION- The point in an individual’s relationship with an organized treatment service when the intake process has been completed and the individual is entitled to receive the service of the treatment program.

 

AFTERCARE PLAN- A plan for clients to follow after they leave formal treatment. This is the client’s individual plan for the future, and includes identification of his or her personal goals and objectives.

 

APPEAL- A request for the reversal of a denial of authorization for a prescribed or recommended service that was made by an appropriately qualified practitioner.

 

ASSESSMENT- The process of gathering information to ascertain the degree and severity of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use, the social, physical, and psychological effects of that use, and the strengths and needs of the client.

 

BLACKOUTS- A symptom of dependency that occurs during intoxification and is characterized by the inability to recall periods in which one was awake and functioning, but absolutely unable to remember. An example of not remembering would be- how I got home.

 

CLEAN TIME- A period in which one was abstinent (refrained) from using all drugs and alcohol.

 

CONSEQUENCES- Often you will be asked if there were consequences of the drug usage. These include family problems, violence or threats of violence, missing days or hours of work or school due to hangovers, drop in grades or job performance, acting inappropriately, legal entanglements, changes in peer groups, and an inability to follow through with commitments.

 

DELIRIUM TREMORS (D.T.’s)- These are hallucinations as a result of withdrawal, from alcohol.  They are typically rare among young alcoholics, but still possible.  Can result in death.

 

DISCHARGE- The point at which an individual’s active involvement with a treatment service is terminated, and he/she no longer is carried on the service’s records as a patient.

 

DRUG OF CHOICE- This is the drug used the most and the favorite to use by the drug user. It can be alcohol, marijuana, heroin, cocaine, etc.

 

DUAL DIAGNOSIS- A term that describes an individual who has both a psychiatric illness and chemical dependency.

 

ENABLING- A term that describes behaviors of family members, bosses, institutions, etc… that covers up, rescues, and minimizes the symptoms and effects of chemical dependency.

 

HOTLINE- Referral, advice, and crisis intervention through a telephone service, usually toll free, and available 24hrs a day.

 

LEVELS OF TREATMENT- Many treatment programs have different levels of treatment or care. Examples include…

-         DETOXIFICATION- this placement usually occurs if the person has medical or psychiatric complications and/or a history of severe withdrawals in the past.

-         HOSPITAL BASED REHABILITATION-  usually needed for those who have other medical or psychiatric complications.

-         RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT- inpatient treatment in a non-medical facility or free standing facility.

-         PARTIAL HOSPITALIZATION- An outpatient program that meets for at least 4 days a week and at least 5 hours per day, much like inpatient rehab.

-         INTENSIVE OUTPATIENT- Outpatient program that meets less often than partial hospitalization but is needed for those who need more than once weekly therapy.  Normally between 10-20 hours/week.

-         OUTPATIENT- Usually meets once a week and consists of group and/or individual counseling.

-         HALFWAY HOUSE- Longer term residential program that usually does not have a great deal of counseling.

 

MANAGED BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CARE- Any variety of strategies employed to control behavioral health (e.g. mental health and substance abuse) costs, while ensuring quality care and appropriate utilization. Cost-containment and quality assurance methods include the formation of preferred provider networks, gate keeping (or pre-certification), case management, relapse prevention, retrospective review, claims, payments, etc.

 

MANAGED CARE ORGANIZATION- Those companies, organizations, states, counties, and EAP’s that are charged with approving the treatment facility, the type(s) of treatment provided, and the amount spent on those treatments.

 

RECOVERY- The process of changing lifestyle habits, attitudes and coping skills to remain drug and alcohol free.

 

REFERRAL- A formal process linking the client to an appropriate provider to address the clients identified needs.

 

SCREENING- The first step in identifying the presence or absence of alcohol or other drug (AOD) use, whereby data is collected on an individual in order to make an initial determination if an alcohol or other drug problem exists and/or to determine if emergency services are warranted.

 

TOLERANCE- The ability to use larger amounts of drugs as a result of overuse of a drug and the body’s need to have more to be able to attain the level of intoxication desired or needed.

 

WITHDRAWAL- The body’s reaction to the absence of a drug it is used to having in its system to function normally.

 

 

Drug Information and Facts

Table of Contents

 

Cannabis

            Marijuana and Hashish

Depressants

            Barbiturates

            Benzodiazepines

            GHB

Dissociative Anesthetics

            Ketamine

PCP and Analogs

Hallucinogens

            LSD

            Mescaline

            Psilocybin

Opioids and Morphine Derivatives

            Codeine

            Heroin

            Morphine

            Opium

            Oxycodone HCL

            Hydrocodone Bitrate, Acetaminophen

Stimulants

            Amphetamine

            Cocaine

            MDMA (Ecstasy)

            Methamphetamine

            Nicotine

Other Compounds

            Anabolic Steroids

            Inhalants

            Alcohol

           

 

Drug Information and Facts

 

Cannabinoids

            The intoxicating effects of cannabinoids include euphoria, slowed thinking and reaction time, confusion, and impaired balance and coordination. Types of cannabinoids include…

Marijuana and Hashish

Marijuana is a green, brown, or grayish mixture of dried leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers from the Cannabis Sativa plant. It is the most often used illegal drug in the United States. Marijuana is a mind-altering (psychoactive) drug that contains THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the main chemical that produces the “High”.

-         Some slang terms used for marijuana are pot, herb, grass, weed, Mary Jane, reefer, ganja, tweeds, and smoke.

-         Most users roll loose marijuana into a cigarette called a “joint” (or a “blunt” if it is rolled in a cigar paper). It can also be smoked in a water pipe called a “bong”, and smoked out of glass or metal pipes. In some instances it is mixed into food (such as brownies) or brewed into tea.

-         Signs of usage include blood shot eyes, dilated pupils, dry mouth, impaired motor skills, sweating, distraction or easily confused, and talkative. Marijuana also has an odor that can be smelled on the breath or clothing.

Hashish consists of the THC rich resinous material from the Cannabis plant. It is dried and compressed into a variety of forms such as balls, cakes, or cookie-like sheets. Pieces are broken off, placed in pipes, and smoked.

 

-         How is Marijuana harmful?

Marijuana hinders the user’s short-term memory and causes difficulty in handling complex tasks.  Marijuana’s effects also lessen inhibitions, which could lead to risky sexual behaviors, poor perception of events or surroundings, and delayed reaction time, which makes driving a motor vehicle extremely dangerous, and possibly deadly.

Long-term effects of marijuana use include cancers of the respiratory tract, lungs, neck, mouth, throat, head, and mouth. The smoking of marijuana could produce daily cough and phlegm production, more frequent chest colds, and a heightened risk of lung infections such as bronchitis. It also causes increased heart rates, anxiety, dry mouth, and distorted perceptions (sights, sounds, smells, and touch)

 

-         Can a person become addicted to Marijuana?

Yes. When a user begins to seek out and take a drug compulsively, that person is said to be dependent of the drug, or addicted to it. They may build tolerance, which means that it takes a lot more of that particular drug to get the same high. Some people show withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, loss of appetite, trouble sleeping, weight loss, and shaky hands.

Depressants

            The intoxicating effects of Depressants include reduced anxiety, feeling of well being, lowered inhibitions, slowed pulse and breathing, lowered blood pressure, and poor concentration.

Barbiturates

Barbiturates are prescription sedatives that come in multi-colored tablets and capsules.

-         Some slang terms for barbiturates include Barbs, Block Busters, Christmas Trees, Goof Balls, Reds and Blues, and Yellow Jackets. Some of the prescription names of Barbiturates include amobarbital (Amytal), pentobarbital (Nembutal), and secobarbital (Seconal).

-         Barbiturates are most often used to treat unpleasant effects of illicit stimulants, and to reduce anxiety. They are swallowed or injected and often used in combination with stimulants such as cocaine, amphetamines, and crystal meth.

 

- How are Barbiturates harmful?

Barbiturates cause sedation, drowsiness, depression, anxiety, unusual excitement, fever, irritability, poor judgment, slurred speech, dizziness, impaired memory, and paranoid or suicidal ideations.

Tolerance develops quickly and requires more dosage to get “high”, and increasing the potential for overdose. When an overdose occurs, death is due to depression of the respiratory center of the brain. Withdrawal from the drug causes tremors, elevated blood pressure and pulse, sweating, and possible seizures.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Barbiturates?

Yes. Barbiturates can create a psychological dependence and build up tolerance in the chronic user.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines include prescription medicines such as Ativan, Librium, Valium, and Xanax.

-         Some of the street names include candy, downers, sleeping pills, and tranks.

-         Benzodiazepines are most often swallowed in the pill form or injected.

-         Harmful effects are the same as those of Barbiturates.

GHB

GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate) is a central nervous system depressant. It can be produced in clear liquid, white powder, tablet, and capsule form. It is colorless and odorless. It is manufactured in homes with recipes and kits that are often found and purchased on the Internet.

-         Some of the street names for GHB include G, Georgia Home Boy, Grievous Bodily Harm, and liquid ecstasy.

-         GHB is primarily swallowed.

-         Signs of usage include dilated pupils, sweating, grinding teeth, jaw clenching, blurred vision, tremors, and palpitations.

 

- How is GHB harmful?

            GHB, at low doses, can relieve anxiety and produce relaxation. Combining its use with other drugs such as alcohol can result in nausea and difficulty breathing. GHB may also produce withdrawal effects including insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and sweating. As the dose increases, the sedative effects may result in sleep and eventual coma or death. GHB has also been used in cases of date rape because it is odorless and tasteless, and can be slipped into someone’s drink with out detection.

 

- Can a person become addicted to GHB?

            Chronic use could lead to psychological dependence and tolerance, leading to more use of the drug to get the same “high”.

Dissociative Anesthetics

            Dissociative Anesthetics produce increased heart rate and blood pressure, impaired motor functioning, memory loss, numbness, and nausea and vomiting. Dissociative Anesthetics were initially developed as general anesthetics for surgery. They distort perceptions such as sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment (or dissociation) from the environment, and self.

           

Ketamine

Ketamine Hydrochloride is a central nervous system depressant and rapid acting local anesthetic. It has sedative-hypnotic, and hallucinogenic properties. It is marketed in the U.S. for uses as a general anesthetic in both human and veterinary medical practice. It comes in the form of a white powder, similar to cocaine.

-         Some of the street names for Ketamine include K, Breakfast Cereal, Special-K, Super-K, and Vitamin-K.

-         Ketamine is normally found in liquid injectable form, which is then converted into a powder and repackaged in small zip lock bags or capsules. It is generally snorted but is sometimes sprinkled onto tobacco or marijuana and smoked. “K” is frequently used in combination with other drugs such as Ecstasy, heroin, and cocaine.

-         Signs of usage include dilated pupils, sweating, garbled speech, and disorientation.

 

- How is Ketamine harmful?

Ketamine can produce hallucinogenic effects that include visual distortions and a lost sense of time and identity. Other effects include delirium, impaired motor functioning, potentially fatal respiratory problems, convulsions, and vomiting when mixed with alcohol. A “K-hole” is the term users of Ketamine use to describe an overdose experience.

           

- Can a person become addicted to Ketamine?

Yes. Ketamine can create a physical tolerance and psychological

dependence, and possible psychosis

PCP and analogs

PCP (Phencyclidine) is a white crystalline powder that is readily dissolvable in water or alcohol. It was developed in the 1950’s as an intravenous anesthetic. Its use in humans was discontinued in 1965 because patients often became agitated, delusional, and irrational while recovering from its anesthetic affects. It is illegally manufactured in laboratories and sold on the street.

-         Some of the street names for PCP include Angel Dust, Ozone, Wack, and Rocket Fuel. Killer Joints and Crystal Supergrass are names that refer to PCP combined with Marijuana

-         PCP is usually found as a crystalline powder that has a distinctive bitter chemical taste. It can be easily mixed with dyes and can come in a variety of forms such as caplets, tablets, and colored powders. It is generally used in one of three ways, snorting, smoking or ingesting.

-         Signs of usage include eye fluttering, sweating, flushed skin, drooling, numbness, blurred vision, and garbled speech.

 

- How is PCP harmful?

PCP causes a decrease in blood pressure and heart rate. Other harmful effects consist of panic, aggression, loss of appetite, and violence. Adolescents that use PCP may experience interference with their learning process and with growth and development hormones. It’s unpleasant psychological effects often make people act violent or suicidal and are very dangerous to themselves and others. At high doses, PCP can cause seizures, coma, and death. Psychological effects of higher doses can result in effects that mimic the full range of symptoms of schizophrenia, such as delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, disordered thinking, a sensation of distance from one’s environment, and catatonia. Speech is also often sparse and garbled.

           

- Can a person become addicted to PCP?

Yes. PCP is addictive and often leads to cravings and compulsive PCP-seeking behaviors. Physical tolerance and psychological dependence, along with possible psychosis are some of the long-term usage side effects. Prolonged depression, anxiety, and flashbacks are also attributed with PCP abuse.

 

Hallucinogens

            Hallucinogens create altered states of perception and feeling. Other effects include nausea, and persisting perception disorder (flashbacks). They are among the oldest known group of drugs, but the biochemical, pharmacological, and physiological basis for hallucinogens is not well understood. Even the name “hallucinogens” is partially misleading, because all types do not produce hallucinations to the user.

LSD

LSD is the most common hallucinogen and one of the most potent mood-changing chemicals. It is made out of Lysergic Acid, which is primarily found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains. It is initially produced in a crystalline form, then altered to make tablets or gelatin, and often dissolved and diluted and applied to paper or other materials.

-         Some street names for LSD include Acid, Doses, Hits, Microdot, Sugar Cubes, Tabs or Trips

-         LSD can come in many forms, such as colored tablets, blotter paper, clear liquid, and thin squares of gelatin. It is taken orally and can be put into the eyes in the liquid form.

-         Signs of usage include dilated pupils, sweating, dry mouth, abnormal laughter, and distracted or rapid reflexes.

 

- How is LSD harmful?

            LSD creates varying degrees of illusions, hallucinations, and synesthesia

(hearing colors, seeing sounds), disorientation, impaired coordination, high body temperature, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, tremors, delusions, and confusion. LSD can also cause elevated heart rates, blood pressure, extreme mood swings short-term memory, and sensations seeming to “cross over”, giving the effect of hearing colors, seeing sounds. These changes can be frightening and cause panic. Long-term use can cause “flashbacks” or Persisting Perception Disorder. These episodes are spontaneous and occur suddenly with out warning. “Flashbacks” are a reoccurrence of certain aspects of a person’s experience without the user taking the drug again. The “flashback” experience may be hallucinogenic, but most often consists of visual disturbances such as seeing false movement on the edges of the field of vision, bright or colored flashes, and halos or trails attached to moving objects.

           

- Can a person become addicted to LSD?

-LSD is not considered to be an addicting drug because it does not produce compulsive drug-seeking behavior like cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, alcohol, or nicotine. Most users voluntarily decrease or stop use over time. It may have some psychological dependency aspects, in that users may continue to use it as an escape from current reality. Users may also develop physical tolerance, leading to more use to get the same “high”

Mescaline

Mescaline is the active ingredient taken from Peyote cactus. It can also be produced synthetically from chemicals. It is frequently discovered in capsules that were sold as ecstasy. Peyote is a small spineless cactus where mescaline naturally occurs.

-         Some street names for mescaline include Buttons (referring to the top of the cactus), cactus, mesc, and peyote.

-         Mescaline can come in the form of tablets, capsules, and the naturally occurring cacti, and is either swallowed or smoked by users to get the intoxicating “high”

-         Some signs of usage include dilated pupils, sweating, garbled speech, and disorientation.

 

- How is Mescaline harmful?

            Mescaline effects are similar to those of LSD in that they cause a varying degree of illusions, hallucinations, synesthesia (hearing colors, seeing sounds), disorientation, impaired coordination, and confusion. It causes elevated heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Mescaline?

            Mescaline, while does not produce compulsive drug seeking behavior, does build up a physical tolerance, and possible psychological dependence in chronic users.

 

Psilocybin

            Psilocybin is a naturally occurring substance in certain types of mushrooms. These mushrooms are primarily grown in Mexico and Central America, but have recently been available to buy illegally off of Internet sites.

-         Some street names for Psilocybin include caps, magic mushrooms, and shrooms.

-         Psilocybin is taken orally, either by eating the dried mushrooms, or brewing them into tea.

-         Signs of use are the same as that of Mescaline

 

- How is Psilocybin harmful?

            Psilocybin creates similar effects to that of LSD and Mescaline, but produces less acute hallucinations. It can cause nervousness and paranoia in users.

 

Opioids and Morphine Derivatives

            Some Opioids and morphine derivatives are legally used for pain relief, and are prescribed by a doctor. If taken in large amounts, they can produce euphoria. Some of the side effects of Opioids and morphine include drowsiness, nausea, constipation, confusion, sedation, respiratory depression and arrest, tolerance, addiction, unconsciousness, coma, and even death.

           

Codeine

Codeine is used in prescription drugs to help treat pain. It is found in Robitussin A-C, Tylenol with codeine, Empirin with codeine, and Fiorinal with codeine. It typically has less analgesia, sedation, and respiratory depression than morphine, but can still be dangerous when taken in large doses.

-         Some street names for codeine include Captain Cody, Cody, Schoolboy, Doors and Fours, loads, and pancakes and syrup.

-         Codeine is taken either orally in the pill form, or injected with a syringe.

 

- How is Codeine harmful?

            Codeine can be safe if taken in the appropriately recommended doses, prescribed by a physician to treat pain. When codeine is abused it can cause respiratory depression, tolerance, constipation, and drowsiness.

 

-Can a person become addicted to Codeine?

            Yes. Codeine can result in tolerance, meaning that the user must take higher doses to achieve the same “high”, and can lead to physical and psychological dependence.

Heroin

            Heroin is a powerful and dangerous drug derived from the opium poppy plant. It is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed of the pod of the poppy plant. Heroin is a “downer” that affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain. It is found in many forms, ranging from a white to dark brown powder, to a tar like substance.

-         Some street names for Heroin include Big H, Blacktar, Brown sugar, Dope, Horse, Junk, Mud, Skag, Smack, China White, and Billie Jean.

-         Heroin can be used in a variety of ways. It can be injected into a vein (called “mainlining”), injected into muscle, smoked in a water or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled as smoke through a straw (called “chasing the dragon”), or snorted through the nose as a powder.

-         Signs of usage include constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, watery eyes, clammy or itchy skin, loss of appetite, sniffles, cough, nausea, lethargy, drowsiness, nodding, and scars from injections (“tract marks”)

 

 

- How is Heroin harmful?

            Chronic users may develop collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, liver disease (Hepatitis C), pulmonary complications (including various types of pneumonia) from the depression of the respiratory system, and physical dependence. In addition to the side effects of the heroin itself, street heroin may have additives that can clog blood vessels that lead to the brain, heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys. This can cause infection and destruction of small patches of cells in vital organs. Other long-term effects include mood swings, severe constipation, menstrual irregularities, lung damage, skin infections, seizures, and coma.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Heroin?

            YES! Heroin is extremely addictive and dangerous. As higher doses are used over time, tolerance develops and the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect. As the higher doses increase, physical dependence and addiction develop. Physical dependence means that the body has adapted to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms may occur if use is reduced or stopped. Withdrawal, which in some users can occur just hours after the last use, produces a drug craving, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (“cold turkey”), kicking movements/muscle spasms (“kicking the habit”), as well as other flu-like symptoms.

           

Morphine

Morphine is a naturally occurring substance of the opium poppy. It is a potent analgesic whose primary use is for the management of moderate to severe pain. It has the second greatest dependence liability (after heroin), of the Opioids.

-         Prescription names for morphine include Roxanol and Duramorph. Street names include M, Miss Emma, Monkey, and White stuff.

-         Morphine is administered in many ways, including injecting, smoking, sniffing, and swallowing. When injected, it is usually intravenously.

-         Signs of usage include drowsiness, constipation and depressed respiration.

 

- How is Morphine harmful?

            Taking a large single dose of morphine could cause severe respiratory depression that could lead to death. It can also create mild anxiety, fear, papillary constriction, blurred vision, impaired night vision, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, drop in body temperature, sweating, reduced libido, and prickly or tingly sensation on the skin. Taking a large dose of morphine could cause severe respiratory depression that could lead to death.

 

-Can a person become addicted to Morphine?

            Yes. Frequent use can lead to physical tolerance and physical dependence. The body adapts to the presence of the drug and users go through withdrawal when usage stops.

 

Opium

            Opium is extracted from the poppy plant and is converted into many substances such as heroin. It is the crudest form of opiate and is derived from a latex substance that is extracted from the poppy seedpod. It is dried and turns a dark brown or black color.

-         Some street names for opium include big O, Black stuff, block, gum, and hop.

-         It is primarily swallowed or smoked.

-         Signs of usage include constricted pupils, droopy eyelids, watery eyes, clammy or itchy skin, loss of appetite, sniffles, cough, lethargy, drowsiness, and nodding.

 

 

- How is Opium harmful?

            Opium causes a lowered heart rate, blood pressure and respiratory rate, drowsiness, nausea, poor concentration, lowered body temperature, decreased appetite, decreased sexual drive, constipation, severe mood swings, menstrual irregularities, lung damage, skin infections, seizures, unconsciousness, and coma.

 

-Can a person become addicted to Opium?

            Yes. Frequent opium use can lead to physical tolerance and physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms may occur when usage stops.

 

Oxycodone HCL

            Oxycodone is a pain reliever that is available by prescription only to treat moderate to severe pain. Abusers remove the sustained release coating off of the pills to get a rapid release of medication that causes a rush of euphoria similar to that of heroin. Its brand name is OxyContin and it’s use as a drug of choice has escalated over the last couple of years. Its general effects are muscle relaxation, lowered blood pressure, lowered heart rate, and lowered respiratory rate.

-         Some street names for Oxycodone include Oxy, O.C., and killer.

-         Oxycodone is swallowed, snorted, or injected.

-         Signs of usage include a generally drunken like state exhibiting nausea, drowsiness, impaired coordination, weakness, confusion, and tiredness.

 

- How is Oxycodone harmful?

            Oxycodone can produce allergic reactions, difficulty breathing, closing of throat, swelling of lips, tongue, or face, hives, cold clammy skin, small pupils, loss of consciousness, and coma. It also causes constipation, dryness of the mouth, and respiratory depression.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Oxycodone?

            Yes. Oxycodone creates a physical tolerance, as well as a psychological and physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms may occur.

 

Hydrocodone Bitrate, Acetaminophen

            The Prescription name for this drug is Vicodin. Its effects are similar to that of Oxycodone.

 

Stimulants

            Stimulants primarily cause increased heart rates, blood pressure, and metabolism. They give the user the feelings of energy, exhilaration, and increased mental alertness. It can also cause rapid or irregular heart beats, reduced appetite, weight loss, heart failure, nervousness, and insomnia.

           

Amphetamine

                        Amphetamines are a stimulant to the central nervous system.

-         Some street names for Amphetamines are Bennies, Black Beauties, Dexies, Jollies, Speed, Uppers, Ups, and Wake Ups.

-         Amphetamines are taken in the pill or tablet form, but can be injected, swallowed, smoked, or snorted

-         Signs of Amphetamine use include sweating, dry mouth, as well as dilated pupils, elevated body temperature, insomnia, muscle twitching, and headaches.

 

- How are Amphetamines harmful?

            Amphetamines can cause rapid breathing, tremors, loss of coordination, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness, delirium, panic, paranoia, impulsive behavior, aggressiveness, tolerance, and psychosis (mental derangement, such as schizophrenia, which is characterized by defective or lost contact with reality). They also suppress appetite, can cause auditory or visual hallucinations, and compulsive, repetitive actions. Other effects of large doses can include fever, sweating, dry mouth, headache, paleness, blurred vision, dizziness, and irregular heart beat.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Amphetamines?

            Yes. Long-term usage of amphetamines causes symptoms that include tolerance and dependence, violence and aggression, and malnutrition due to the suppression of appetite.

 

Cocaine

            Cocaine is a stimulant that directly affects the brain. The pure chemical is called cocaine hydrochloride, and its original form comes from cocoa leaves. It is generally sold as a fine, white, crystalline powder. It is sometimes diluted with amphetamines when sold on the street. It is one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. Another form of cocaine is what is called Crack. Crack is cocaine hydrochloride that has been processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water into freebase cocaine. Crack is also highly addictive and dangerous.

 

-         Some slang terms for cocaine include Big C, Blow, Coke, Flake, Lady, Nose candy, Snow, Snowbirds, White Crack, Freebase, and Rock.

-         Cocaine is primarily snorted through the nose or diluted in water and injected. It can be sprinkled on to marijuana and smoked. Crack is primarily smoked out of glass pipes.

-         Signs of usage include blurred vision, tremors, twitching, chest pain/pressure, and fever

 

- How is Cocaine harmful?

            Some of the effects of cocaine include increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety. Cocaine’s “high” effect is short in duration (usually 5-30 minutes), but once the drug leaves the brain the user experiences a “coke crash” that includes depression, irritability, and fatigue.

 

-Can a person become addicted to Cocaine?

            Yes. High doses of cocaine and/or prolonged use can trigger paranoia. Smoking Crack cocaine can produce a particularly aggressive paranoid behavior. When individuals stop using cocaine, they often become depressed, and snorting can result in ulceration of the mucous membrane of the nose. It is highly addictive (both physically and psychologically) and can create tolerance in users.

 

MDMA (Ecstasy)

            MDMA stands for Methylenedioxymethamphetamine. Its most common and used form is that of Ecstasy. It is an illegally manufactured combination of mescaline and amphetamine. It produces a number of varying illusions, hallucinations, disorientation, impaired coordination, and confusion. It is marketed as a “feel-good” drug because it produces positive feelings, empathy for others, elimination of feelings of anxiety, and extreme relaxation. It suppresses the need to sleep, eat, or drink, which enables users to participate in all night and sometimes multiple days of partying. It is frequently used at RAVES, which are usually all night parties with loud music and bright colorful lights to enhance the “high” from the drug.

-         Some street names for MDMA include Adam, Clarity, Ecstasy, Eve, Lover’s speed, peace, STP, X, and XTC.

-         MDMA is swallowed in the pill or capsule form. It is manufactured in many different colors, shapes, and sizes, and the tablets or pills are often stamped with a picture that becomes imprinted on the pill.

-         Signs of usage include dilated pupils, sweating, grinding teeth, jaw clenching, blurred vision, tremors, and palpitations.

 

- How is MDMA harmful?

            MDMA can produce symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, faintness, muscle cramping, panic attacks, and in severe cases loss of consciousness or seizures. Other effects include nausea, hallucinations, chills, sweats, tremors, hyperthermia, the breakdown of skeletal muscle with kidney failure, anxiety, depression (or E-pression) and paranoia.

 

- Can a person become addicted to MDMA?

            Yes. Physical tolerance and psychological dependence are possible effects of abusing MDMA. Prolonged depression, anxiety, flashbacks, and liver or brain damage are also attributed to its long-term use.

           

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is a man-made stimulant that is highly addictive. It is lethal, dangerous, and its effects are unpredictable due to the any number of chemicals that could be used in its production. Because it is manufactured in many different ways, its appearance will vary depending on what type of chemicals are used. It can be sold in powder or rock like chunks, and varies in colors, including white, yellow, brown, gray, orange, and pink.

-         Some street names for Methamphetamines include Glass, Brown, Chalk, Crink, Crypto, Crystal, Fast, Fire, Methlies Quick, Mexican Crack, Rock, Wash, and yellow powder. The most common street names include Crank, Meth, and Speed.

-         Methamphetamines can be injected, swallowed, snorted, or smoked.

-         Signs of usage include dilated pupils, sweating, dry mouth, talkativeness, flushed skin, tremors, and dry mouth.

 

- How are Methamphetamines harmful?

            The general effects of Methamphetamines include elevated heart rate and blood pressure, decreased appetite and alertness, increase agitation and aggression, paranoia, depression and irritability, and at high doses hallucinations or delusions. Chronic abuse can result in inflammation of the heart lining, damaged blood vessels from injection and irreversible stroke producing damage to small blood vessels in the brain. Hyperthermia (elevated body temperature) and convulsions occur with overdoses, and can result in death

 

- Can a person become addicted to Methamphetamines?

            Yes. Strong psychological dependence and varying degrees of physical tolerance can occur in chronic users. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe. Methamphetamines can also cause dangerous mood changes in users, consisting of irritability, aggressive behavior, violence, psychotic behavior, paranoia, anxiety, and auditory hallucinations. Methamphetamines produce psychotic behaviors in chronic users.

 

Nicotine

            Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. It causes more deaths per year than alcohol, cocaine, heroin, homicide, suicide, car accidents, fire, and AIDS combined. Nicotine is one of the over 4,000 chemicals found in the smoke from tobacco and the primary component that acts on the brain in cigarettes. Smokeless tobacco products such as snuff and chewing tobacco contain high levels of nicotine as well. It is legal to use by anyone over the age of 18 years.

-         Some street names for tobacco products include Chew, Dip, Fags, and Smokes. Leading Name brands of cigarettes among youths include Marlboro, Camel, and Newport.

-         Nicotine is absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth, throat, and lungs. It is either smoked in a cigarette, pipe, or cigar, or it is absorbed through the mouth in snuff and chewing tobacco.

-         Tobacco smoke has a distinct odor that is left on the skin, breath, and clothing.

 

- How is nicotine harmful?

            It is well documented that smoking can cause chronic lung disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke, as well as cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, and bladder. It is also known to contribute to cancer of the cervix, pancreas, and kidneys. Researchers have identified over 40 chemicals in tobacco smoke that cause cancer in humans and animals. Women who use tobacco when pregnant are more likely to have adverse birth outcomes, including babies with low birth weights. The health of non-smokers is adversely affected by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). ETS causes thousands of deaths per year due to lung cancer and causes hundreds of thousands of children to suffer from lower respiratory-tract infections. Evidence also indicates that ETS increases the risk of coronary heart disease.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Nicotine?

            Yes. Nicotine is both physically and psychologically addictive, and can build tolerance in users.

Other Compounds

           

Anabolic Steroids

Anabolic steroids are any drug or hormonal substance chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids), that promotes muscle growth. A limited number of anabolic steroids have been approved for medical and veterinary use.

-         Some illicit anabolic steroids that are encountered in the market include Anadrol, Oxandrin, Durabolin, and Equipoise.  Some street names include Roids, and Juice.

-         Anabolic steroids are either injected or swallowed in the pill or capsule form. Some forms of Anabolic steroids are applied to the skin.

- How are Anabolic Steroids harmful?

            Anabolic steroids do not produce an intoxicating effect, but can cause many affects on physical conditions; these include hypertension, blood clotting and cholesterol changes, liver cysts and cancer, kidney cancer, hostility and aggression, and acne. In adolescents Anabolic steroids can cause premature stoppage of growth. In males, steroids can cause prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, and breast enlargement. In females, Anabolic steroids can cause menstrual irregularities, development of facial hair and other masculine characteristics, including the deepening of the voice.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Anabolic Steroids?

            Yes. Psychological addiction may result from long-term use.

 

Inhalants

            Inhalants are ordinary household products that are inhaled or sniffed to get high. There are hundreds of household products on the market that can be misused as inhalants.

-         Examples of products abused include model airplane glue, nail polish remover, cleaning fluids, hair spray, gasoline, the propellant in aerosol whipped cream, spray paint, fabric protector, air conditioner fluid (freon), cooking spray, and correction fluid (white-out). Some street names for inhalants include laughing gas, poppers, snappers, and whippets.

-         These products are sniffed, snorted, bagged (fumes are inhaled from a plastic bag or balloon), or “huffed” (inhalant soaked rag, sock, or roll of toilet paper in the mouth) to achieve the high. Inhalants are also sniffed directly from the container.

 

- How are Inhalants harmful?

            Inhalants can cause intoxicating effects that last only a few minutes or up to several hours. It can directly induce heart failure and death. High concentrations of inhalants can also cause death from suffocation by displacing oxygen in the lungs and then in the central nervous system so that breathing ceases. Other irreversible effects include hearing loss, limb spasms, and central nervous system or brain damage. Serious, put potentially reversible effects include headache, liver and kidney damage, and blood oxygen depletion. Death from inhalants is usually caused by a very high concentration of fumes.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Inhalants?

            Yes. Psychological dependence is possible.

 

Alcohol

            Alcohol is the most commonly used, and widely abused psychoactive drug in the country. It is legal for any person over the age of 21years to consume.

-         Some street names for alcohol include Booze, Sauce, and juice.

-         Alcohol is consumed in liquid form. Types include beer, liquor, and wine.

-         Signs of usage include discordination, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, and strong alcohol odor on breath or clothes.

 

- How is alcohol harmful?

            Prolonged heavy use, especially combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs, such as the brain and liver. In addition, mothers who drink alcohol while pregnant may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities. Research shows that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics.

 

- Can a person become addicted to Alcohol?

            Yes. Prolonged heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction called alcoholism. Sudden cessation (or stoppage) of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions and possible death.